On August 31, 2017, Department of Interior Deputy Secretary Bernhardt issued a memo, in the form of a secretarial order, directing that environmental impact statements must be no longer than 150 pages or 300 pages for “unusually complex projects.” The Secretarial Order No. 3355 was intended to “immediately implement” certain NEPA streamlining efforts and “begin assessment of additional such opportunity” and implementation of EO 13807. The Secretarial Order also directed that Final EIS’s should be completed within one year. It directed the agency’s bureaus to identify impediments to efficient reviews and provide recommendations for streamlining the NEPA process.
On January 31, 2018, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) issued Instruction Memorandum 2018-034 Updating Oil and Gas Leasing Reform. It outlined new policy to streamline the leasing process and included a focus on using Designations of NEPA Adequacy (DNAs) in order to avoid more in-depth environmental assessments.
On April 27, 2018, Interior Deputy Secretary Bernhardt issued a memorandum with additional direction for implementing Secretarial Order 3355. It outlines specific guidance on how to implement timeline and page limits as well as establishing procedures for waivers. It also directs the bureaus to review their NEPA handbooks and determine what changes should be made. Dep. Sec. Bernhardt simultaneously issued a series of other memoranda on the NEPA process including: NEPA Document Clearance Process, Compiling Contemporaneous Decision Files, Standardized Intra-Department Procedures, and a Questions and Answers document about the memos.
On June 6, 2018, BLM issued Information Bulletin 2018-061 NEPA Efficiencies for Oil and Gas Development. The bulletin provides a blueprint for streamlining the process and for relying on existing NEPA analyses, Determinations of NEPA Adequacy (DNAs), and categorical exclusions where possible. The bulletin has resulted in some controversy over the proper process for approaching environmental reviews.
On June 12, 2018, BLM issued Permanent Instruction Memorandum PIM 2018-014 that streamlines the NEPA process for applications for directional drilling into federal minerals from non-federal surfaces. The memo replaces an Obama-era policy and comports with industry interests.
In Spring 2018, BLM issued Permanent Instruction Memorandum 2018-016, BLM NEPA Document Clearing Process, to “establish a new review and approval process for all Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) and their associated Federal Register notices (FRNs)” in compliance with the memoranda issued by Interior Deputy Secretary Bernhardt on April 27, 2018. In particular, it outlines how BLM will comply with the one-year completion goal and page limits.
On July 3, 2018, BLM issued WO PIM 2018-010, NEPA Compliance for Oil and Gas Reinstatement Petitions directing BLM oil and gas leasing offices to implement changes to their NEPA compliance policy before approving Class I or Class II oil and gas lease reinstatement petitions.