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Why it Matters
Greater sage-grouse are native to sagebrush and juniper grasslands throughout the Western US, and north into Canada. They are the largest North American grouse and are known for their charismatic mating dance. Habitat fragmentation and degradation have led to plummeting populations across their range. A conservation and habitat management plan was crafted with cooperation from Western states governors as a compromise to prevent listing the birds under the Endangered Species Act. If the plan is repealed, states will no longer be required to follow the conservation plan. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is taking comments on a proposed repeal through November 27, 2017.
BLM has issued a “Notice of Intent to Amend Land Use Plans Regarding Greater Sage-Grouse Conservation and Prepare Associated Environmental Impact Statements or Environmental Assessments.” The proposed amendments shift management plans to the states, forgoing the habitat plan that was developed between the Western states and BLM. There is a public comment period open until November 27, 2017.
On May 7, 2001, in response to a petition, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service determined that the Columbia Basin population of greater sage-grouse warranted stand-alone listing under the Endangered Species Act but that listing was “precluded by higher priority listing actions.”
On March 23, 2010, in response to several petitions, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service determined the greater sage-grouse should be listed as endangered but that there were higher priority listings to complete; and that the Bi-State population (a group that lives on the California/Nevada border) was a distinct population whose listing was also warranted but precluded by higher priority listings.
Also in 2010, the Natural Resources Conservation Service helped to launch the Sage-grouse Initiative, a voluntary partnership with western landowners to protect greater sage-grouse habitat on private lands.
On May 10, 2011, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service settled a lawsuit with the Wild Earth Guardians, pledging to propose listing rules or determine whether or not to list 251 species as endangered or threatened (including greater sage-grouse) no later than September 30, 2016.
On December 16, 2014, in the FY2015 budget, Congress prohibited the expenditure of funds to publish a proposed rule for the greater sage-grouse or the Columbian Basin population (Pub. L. Number 113–235).
On September 22, 2015, BLM and the U.S. Forest Service announced they had finalized 98 land use plans to conserve greater sage-grouse habitat in 10 western states.
On September 24, 2015 BLM proposed withdrawal of approximately 10 million acres from development to protect the greater sage-grouse, affecting 6 states.
On October 2, 2015, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service determined that listing the greater sage-grouse (or the Columbia Basin population) as threatened or endangered was not warranted under the Endangered Species Act. The Fish and Wildlife Service noted the finding complied with the lawsuit “and is consistent with Congressional direction.”
On February 25, 2016, environmental groups sued BLM for inadequate greater sage-grouse land management plans.
On September 1, 2016, BLM issued guidance for complying with the greater sage-grouse land use plans.
On December 26, 2016 BLM published an amended withdrawal proposal, adding acreage in Nevada. Public comment was open through March 28, 2017.
On January 5, 2017 the District Court of DC ruled that Idaho’s governor could not challenge the greater sage-grouse land use plans for Idaho and Montana.
On February 6, 2017 BLM announced that a 40% decline in a discrete population of greater sage-grouse in the Sheeprocks area of Utah triggered protective measures under the Obama era conservation plan. Measures include limits on vehicles and development and call for prioritizing habitat restoration.
On April 4, 2017, the federal district court for the District of Nevada directed the BLM to supplement its findings for the land withdrawals in Nevada.
On June 7, 2017, Department of the Interior (DOI) Secretary Zinke issued Order No. 3353, “Greater Sage-grouse Conservation and Cooperation with Western States,” initiating a 60-day review of the 2015 land use plans.
On August 4, 2017, Secretary Zinke directed DOI to implement the recommendations from the 60-day review. Those include “investigating opportunities to provide additional waivers, modifications, and exceptions through policy or potential plan amendments” to promote “responsible economic growth,” and enabling grazing to take place in protected areas so long as it is not “improper grazing.”
On October 5, 2017 BLM announced it would rescind the September 24, 2015 proposal to withdraw roughly 10 million acres of greater sage-grouse habitat from development.
On October 11, 2017 BLM published a “Notice of Intent to Amend Land Use Plans Regarding Greater Sage-Grouse Conservation and Prepare Associated Environmental Impact Statements or Environmental Assessments.” The proposed amendments shift management plans to the states, forgoing the habitat plan that was developed between the Western states and BLM. There is a public comment period open until November 27, 2017.
On October 23, 2017 the Western Values Project sued BLM for failure to respond to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request about the proposed changes to the greater sage-grouse plan.
On October 31, 2017 environmental groups filed an administrative appeal with DOI over “BLM’s decision to lease priority sage-grouse habitat in central Utah for oil and gas development, a move which jeopardizes the survival and recovery of the imperiled Sheeprocks population of greater sage-grouse.” The groups noted the February 6, 2017 finding of population decline in the Sheeprocks population mandated greater protections.